During the Roman Empire, Roman law governed much of Europe, and the laws pertaining to inheritance made no distinction between the oldest or youngest, male or female, if the decedent died intestate. The statute gave power to landowners to "devise" land by the use of a new device, part of any will, including heading "testament". OED Online. In England the 1540 Act permitted the oldest son to be entirely cut off from inheriting, and in the 17th century military tenure was abolished; primogeniture is, nevertheless, a fading custom of the gentry and farm owners in England and Wales. Under the feudal system of medieval Europe, primogeniture generally governed the inheritance of land held in military tenure (see feudalism feudalism, form of political and social organization typical of Western Europe from the dissolution of Charlemagne's empire to the rise of the absolute monarchies. According to the Spanish Ministry of Justice, the default custom of succession is absolute primogeniture, but the titleholder may designate his or her successor or distribute titles among children, provided that the eldest inherits the highest title unless he waives that right. The eligible descendants of deceased older siblings, takes precedence over living younger siblings. primogeniture, in law, the rule of inheritance whereby land descends to the oldest son. Hi there! From 1853 until 1953, the crown passed according to agnatic primogeniture. Some countries, however, accepted female rulers early on, so that if the monarch had no sons, the throne would pass to the eldest daughter. Many descend by Salic, male primogeniture so have a greater average rate of extinction. And, if it is intended to govern succession, it can be interpreted to mandate agnatic seniority, not direct primogeniture. It's difficult to see primogeniture in a sentence . A case of agnatic primogeniture is exemplified in the French royal milieu, where the Salic law (attributed to the Salian Franks) forbade any inheritance of a crown through the female line. Primogeniture (English: ) is the right, by law or custom, of the paternally acknowledged, firstborn son to inherit his parent's entire or main estate, in preference to daughters, elder illegitimate sons, younger sons and collateral relatives; in some cases the estate may instead be the inheritance of the firstborn child or occasionally the firstborn daughter. A case of agnatic primogeniture is exemplified in the French royal milieu, where the Salic law (attributed to the Salian Franks) forbade any inheritance of a crown through the female line. [11] Those who share agnatic kinship (through solely male ancestors) are termed agnates; those whose shared lineage includes a female ancestor are cognates. Rather, the female who is nearest in kinship to the last male monarch of the family inherits, even if another female agnate of the dynasty is senior by primogeniture. The effect of this rule was to keep the father's land for the support of the son who rendered the required military service. primogeniture in English translation and definition "primogeniture", Dictionary English-English online. Adam Smith, in his book An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, explains the origin of primogeniture in Europe in the following way: [W]hen land was considered as the means, not of subsistence merely, but of power and protection, it was thought better that it should descend undivided to one. There are 377 agnatic primogeniture-related words in total, with the top 5 most semantically related being salic law, agnate, son, cognatic and paternal.You can get the definition(s) of a word in the list below by tapping the question-mark icon next to it. 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