The law sets up a protection system for asylum requesters and refugees that pivots around local entities dedicated to the assistance of these persons. Turkey Visa-Free Entry for Pakistanis? Currently, asylum seekers must wait 150 days after submitting their asylum application before filing an … In late 2018, the Italian government began implementing a new legislation that restricts access to protection for refugees and migrants in the country and hardens border security to deter incoming irregular migration. Meanwhile, the impact of the “Salvini decree” is starting to be felt. According to Italian law, there is no formal timeframe for making an asylum application. Italy’s legislation governing asylum and humanitarian protection includes Law No. The new law includes additional budgetary provisions on top of €600 million which the Government of Italy had already allocated in 2016 to municipalities, groups and caregivers to help them cope with the large influx of refugees and migrants in reception centres. Parliament will have a chance to correct that, and make other improvements, when the decree is submitted for parliamentary oversight. J Judges to be included in the specialised sections should be appointed on the basis of specific skills acquired through professional experience and training. Italian far-right interior minister Matteo Salvini has been the biggest change ever as for as refugees laws and rights are concerned in Italy. The European Union has proposed an ambitious new plan to deal with the thousands of asylum seekers who continue to arrive on Europe’s shores. The current government has delayed disembarkations and impounded rescue vessels on administrative grounds. Many cannot be returned to their homelands because Italy does not have readmissions agreements with most of the relevant countries in Africa. 47 of 2017 defines “unaccompanied foreign minors” as minors who are not Italian or EU citizens, who for whatever reason are found in Italian territory or are subject to Italian jurisdiction, and who lack the assistance or representation of their parents or other adults who would be responsible for them according to Italian legislation.Law No. The “Salvini decree” is the first major legislative act by Interior Minister Matteo Salvini, leader of the populist League party that won 17 percent of the votes in the March 2018 election after campaigning on an anti-migration agenda. Greece: Lead Poisoning Concerns in New Migrant Camp, Paris Police Continue To Harass Homeless Migrants, Trump Administration Again Weakens LGBT Protections, Israel: Provide Vaccines to Occupied Palestinians, "How Come You Allow Little Girls to Get Married? Italian Senate passes the “Security Decree” even after having great tensions. While the previous government restricted the nation’s reception system to recognized refugees and unaccompanied children, the new decree opens the doors to asylum seekers awaiting a decision. It pledged last year to do so, and now the Italian government has restored some humanity to its immigration and asylum system. Italy’s inability to send home most rejected asylum seekers on one hand and its increasing demand for migrant workers on the other have caused the number of foreigners living undocumented in the country to increase since 2013. In his post about the “Salvini decree” Villa pointed out that such high numbers of undocumented people is not a new phenomenon in Italy, and that previous Italian governments responded to increases of undocumented people with mass regularizations: in 2002-2003, about 700,000 migrants were regularized; in 2006, about 350,000 undocumented were regularized; and in 2009 another 300,000. United Kingdom Asylum Law Guidelines. To find out if asylum-seekers had already registered in other EU countries, British officials could tap into the bloc's fingerprint database of asylum applicants, EURODAC, and set the ball rolling. Get updates on human rights issues from around the globe. The new rule, effective August 21, 2020, removes the current 30-day timeline from the date an asylum seeker files Form I-765, Application for Employment Authorization to grant or deny this benefit. The government chose to reduce from 1 million to 50,000 euros, rather than eliminate, the noxious fines on ships that perform search-and-rescue at sea. Instead of humanitarian protection status, the Salvini decree introduces “special permits” for specific foreigners who prove to be victims … Those who had been granted this status received a 2-year, renewable residence permit and the right to work. This will help prevent people falling into undocumented status. At the same time, the Italian agriculture sector’s growing reliance on undocumented foreign workers incentivizes migrants to come or stay in Italy, exposes them to dangers, and hinders the country’s economy. Moreover, it is reducing the protection space for refugees and migrants, hampering integration for those who will be allowed to stay and pushing even more people into vulnerable situations. They suggest that Italy offer African countries an annual contingent of regular visas in return for their cooperation on readmission agreements. But … The main provision of the new Italian legislation is the abolishment of humanitarian protection, a form of temporary protection issued to asylum applicants who did not qualify for refugee status or for subsidiary protection, but were recognised as vulnerable. ... ahead of Italy … Zampa law: extra budget The new law includes additional budgetary provisions on top of €600 million which the Government of Italy had already allocated in 2016 to municipalities, groups and caregivers to help them cope with the large influx of refugees and migrants in reception centres. The 19th of February, the Italian Cassation Court established that the Salvini decree is not retroactively applicable before October 5, 2018, when the new law went into effect. Close to 900,000 asylum seekers in the EU are waiting to have their claims processed, according to figures from the European statistics office. Among Mr. Macron’s new get-tough measures is a provision that asylum seekers would have to wait three months before qualifying for non-urgent health care. The majority of applications for asylum, according to data of the Interior Ministry, come from countries in sub-Saharan Africa (Gambia, Senegal and Nigeria occupy the top three positions in the list of countries of origin of asylum seekers in Italy). The decrees and laws eviscerated Italy’s asylum procedure and reception system, and formalized Salvini’s “closed ports” policy, which blocked boats … There are still many unanswered questions about this effort to thwart asylum seekers, but this is what we know so far. Immigration legislation […] Abolishing humanitarian protection is significant because in the past few years it had been the most common form of protection in Italy; it was granted to about 100,000 asylum seekers since 2008, including a quarter of all applicants in 2017. 10 Jan. Visa and Immigration News EU Countries Announce Changes in EU Blue Card Salary ... What does it take to get a residence permit of Italy under new law decree.....[Read More] 2 Comments . In 2019, Britain used this system to ask for more than 3,000 transfers, but only 263 were actually made. The new law extends the amount of time that an asylum-seeker can be detained from three up to 18 months, the maximum time allowed by the EU. Decree Law 13/2017, implemented by L 46/2017, has established specialised sections in the Civil Courts, responsible for immigration, asylum and free movement of EU citizens’ cases. 09 Jun. The new listing has been published. The law mainly will help asylum seekers (asylbewerber) in Germany to finally convert their status into proper visa of 2.5 years. The decree, adopted October 5, essentially re-establishes in Italian law the residency permit on humanitarian grounds that Salvini abolished in 2018, now called “special protection.” This two-year permit is for people who don’t qualify for asylum, but who shouldn’t be sent away because they would face a risk of torture or inhuman or degrading treatment. The decree stipulates that social services such as Italian language courses, vocational training and legal assistance will be withheld until the end of the asylum process, except if the applicant is an unaccompanied minor, which will hamper integration prospects for those allowed to stay. However, asylum seekers should make their application as soon as possible. Farmers in Italy, who are economically squeezed by an oligopolistic food industry, have increasingly transitioned from local family labour to foreign workers because the latter are often paid considerably less than the legal minimum wage. A new immigration law could make it harder for Hong Kongers to flee. A main goal of the new law is to send home hundreds of thousands of undocumented migrants. Another major obstacle to Salvini’s plan is the constant and growing demand for foreign workers in Italy’s agricultural sector. Aug. Italy has finally announced its new Immigration and Asylum laws bringing more compact system for the government to handle asylum seekers. But it looks it would become a worst place for asylum seekers in very near future. The construction of prefab-style accommodation at Yarl’s Wood follow a series of damning reports about two former army barracks sites in Kent and Wales being used to hold up to 600 asylum seekers. In January, more than 500 people were ousted from a refugee reception centre in a town close to Rome, and Salvini announced his intent to shut down Italy’s largest reception centre – which houses 1300 people – within a year. Forin, R. Foggia 2016. John Dalhuisen and Gerald Knaus, from the European Stabilisation Initiative (ESI), argued that to address the increase of undocumented migrants, Italy needs to have a more effective entry system for foreign workers to meet labour demand in sectors such as agriculture. The “Salvini Decree” claims to better control migration and to make Italy more secure. But both regularization of the undocumented and the creation of legal pathways for economically driven migrants are highly unlikely considering the securitised migration agenda of the current Italian government. Under the new rules, asylum seekers would first have to lodge a “declaration of intent” at Hungary’s embassies in either Belgrade in Serbia or Kiev in Ukraine. But this goal is impossible to achieve because Italy lacks readmission agreements with most countries of origin of the migrants it wants to send home. Germany’s strong economy and its relatively welcoming approach towards refugees during the peak arrival years of 2015 and 2016, have contributed to the country becoming a magnet for immigrants and asylum seekers. Join our movement today. Migrants workers going back to the "Ghetto di Rignano", after a day or work in the nearby tomato fields. submission of asylum requests Sergio Chiamparino, told … © 2021 Mixed Migration Centre. In Italy there is just one asylum procedure and the asylum claim can be put in at the provincial police station (Questura) or a border police office. While the previous government restricted the nation’s reception system to recognized refugees and unaccompanied children, the new decree opens the doors to asylum seekers … Federal law states that anyone can apply for asylum on U.S. soil, regardless of immigration status. The Italian government passed a law Wednesday that clamps down on asylum by tightening criteria related to humanitarian grounds … He always stood clear for his policies ever since he came into action back in Summer 2018. The intention to make an asylum application may be expressed orally by the applicant in his or her language with the assistance of a linguistic-cultural mediator. In the medium/long term, the decree will cause thousands of asylum seekers and people with temporary protection status to lose their residency permit but there is no mechanism to get them to leave Italy. Please give now to support our work, New Decree Rolls Back Some of the Worst Aspects of Immigration Policy. ", worst policies imposed by the previous interior minister, Constitutional Court ruling this past July, six United Nations human rights authorities. 47 contains the following protect… This week, the council of ministers adopted a decree that reverses many of the worst policies imposed by the previous interior minister and current leader of the anti-immigrant League Party, Matteo Salvini. Instead of humanitarian protection status, the Salvini decree introduces “special permits” for specific foreigners who prove to be victims of a limited set of circumstances or have serious health issues. The rule will require migrants to wait 365 days from the day they file their asylum petition before applying for work authorization, replacing the previous 150-day timeline. Asylum Procedure. Law No. Several Italian mayors and governors are challenging a new law introduced by the populist government that cracks down on asylum-seekers. Help us continue to fight human rights abuses. While the previous government restricted the nation’s reception system to recognized refugees and unaccompanied children, the new decree opens the doors to asylum seekers … According to Matteo Villa, a researcher of the Italian Institute for International Political Studies, the “Salvini decree” will cause the number of undocumented migrants in Italy to spike even more. Salvini’s intention is for those who aren’t granted any type of protection to be detained at repatriation centres, but there is not enough room in these centres for all the people who are supposed to be repatriated. Makes asylum seekers who file their asylum applications more than 1 year after their arrival into the United States ineligible for an EAD. The decree reduces detention pending deportation to three months from six. Most human rights organizations including Amnesty International - Greece have criticized severely the new legislation. It is therefore highly doubtful that it will lead to better governance of mixed migration in Italy. The European Union has proposed an ambitious new plan to deal with the thousands of asylum seekers who continue to arrive on Europe’s shores. The permit is also for people who have family and social links in Italy, or who suffer from serious physical or mental health issues. Italy’s New Asylum Legislation: toward a better migration management? The intention to make an asylum application may be expressed orally by the applicant in his or her language with the assistance of a linguistic-cultural mediator. the ending cases will be somewhat lessened by this new ruling, estimated at approximately 40.000 people over the next two years, growing demand for foreign workers in Italy’s agricultural sector. All right reserved. A new law introduced by Italy's hard-right government removes support from tens of thousands of asylum seekers, and will make it more complex — and risky — for NGOs to support them. In sum, the analysis shows that the decree will likely cause more problems than it solves. Application According to Italian law, there is no formal timeframe for making an asylum application. Before discussing the specifics of the law, a technical observation is in order. According to the Salvini decree, people who had been granted humanitarian protection status will be re-evaluated once their residence permits expire. Read more: New Italian law adds to unofficial clampdown on aid to asylum seekers Prominent Italians, including the mayors of Milan and Naples, have publicly opposed the new measures on ethical grounds, while the governors of Tuscany and Piedmont have said they will … Furthermore, it removes the right of failed asylum seekers to live in Italy who are already living in Italy just because they cannot go back to home country due to risk of life. Piedmont Gov. The Italian Coast guard, sometimes with the help of private NGO organizations, often coordinate rescue operations of migrants abandoned in the Mediterranean Sea. As of January last year there were 533,000 undocumented migrants in Italy according to official estimates; these people are not registered with any government offices and live on the margins of society without legal right to work or access to social services. Italian Government has set an aim to send 500,000 asylum seekers to their home country. 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